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Milow und sein Aquarium
Description of the aquarium:
South America
Tank size:
120x40x50 = 230 liters ~ 60 gallons (us)
Specific features:
The pool has a panoramic front with prism corners
both sides. The length of the front disc is 90 cm,
so there is the gross volume of ~ 230l.
The cover and the base unit are kept in book design.

The basin is used as room dividers between living and dining area right on the back of the sofa. Regularly provides the aquarium the opposite TV represents serious competition.
Becken: mitte Juni 2013
Aquarium decoration:
The ground form about 35 kg quartz gravel mixed grain sizes
of 1-5mm.
The bed height is an average of 5 cm.
Under the gravel is no additional planting ground.
As can be seen in the pictures is the natural gravel to about 15%
red color gravel mixed.
Before now, the first cry, ....
the color gravel was the idea of ​​my girlfriend.
Meanwhile, I must say, however, that this color cast
pronounced decorative effect.
The planting can not abstufen classic.
Everything grows more or less wildly and unstructured.
No later than every two months the pool is overgrown,
so pruned and needs to be sorted out.

The planting consists of the following plants:

Anubias nana var barteri -. Peer Miniature Sheet

the originally from Cameroon dwarf Peer sheet characterized by, in my opinion, very beautiful leaf shapes and its very compact habit from.
The light requirement is not too high and growth slow.
Since the rhizome should not be buried in the ground, the plants are tied to roots.

Height: 5 - 15 cm
Width: 8+ cm
Light requirements: very low - medium
Temperature: 20 - 30 ° C
pH: 5.5 to 9.0
Water hardness: very soft - very hard

Marimo - Bonsai moss balls

Between plants and in the "clearings" are more moss balls around.
These extremely slow-growing mosses are very easy to clean and only need to be rinsed from time to time. The light requirement is kept within limits.

Height: 3 - 10 cm
Width: 3 - 10 cm
Light requirements: very low - high
Temperature 5 - 28 ° C
pH: 6.0 to 8.5
Water hardness: medium - very hard

Cryptocoryne Lucens - delicate water cup

The delicate water goblet has narrow, smooth and leathery leaves.
It grows relatively quickly and is insensitive to implement or cutting back.
He should not be too shady.
put together in groups to form beautiful contrasts to the roots and other plants.
Originally I had a few nooch Cryptocoryne wendtii "brown" and "green" in the basin
But after almost all plants were implemented, cuttings were barely left.

Height: 15 - 20 cm
Light requirements: low - high
Temperature: 22 - 30 ° C
pH: 6.5 - 7.5
Water hardness: soft - very hard

Echinodorus grisebachii 'Bleherae' - Great Amazon sword plant

This variety will probably be the most common of the sword plants.
In general it is very adaptable and not particularly demanding.
However, it has a slightly higher light need in comparison with the plants described so far.
For me, both offshoots thrive rather mediocre.
Maybe I should give them a nutrient-rich soil or use fertilizer.
Often I have the feeling that make my catfish to the large leaves to create and chew it.

Height: 20 - 50 cm
Width: 25 - 40 cm
Light requirements: medium - high
Temperature: 20 - 30 ° C
pH: 5.5 to 9.0
Water hardness: soft - hard

Ludwigia repens - Creeping Ludwigia

This pretty stalk grows at me now well and also quite fast.
With their partly red leaves it is very decorative.
However, I have with stem plants not such a good hand, so that everything arbitrary and wildly growing, which actually fits into the overall concept.

Height: 20 - 50 cm
Width: 10 - 20 cm
Light requirements: low - high
Temperature: 15 - 30 ° C
pH: 5.0 to 8.0
Water hardness: very soft - hard

Microsorum pteropus - Javafarn

Also called Schwarzwurzelfarn, this plant is one of the easiest aquarium plants.
Must be fastened for example roots overwritten As with Anubias nana the rhizome of the plant.
In my offshoots the rhizome grows inexorably and swiftly.
At the same time grow regularly at the tips of older leaves daughter plants which also lay down on the roots.
partly somewhat disturbing feel [...]
Special features of the facility:

In the basin, some roots are in different sizes.
It mangrove and Mopani wood were used.

The left part of a large multi-branched root mangrove stands on its "branches".
This is supposed to represent the rinsed roots of a mangrove and serves as a great privacy.
The shadow under the root is used as a retreat and invites you to swim.
The soft wood of mangrove forms a very important supplement for the well-kept catfish because they need the wood fiber for digestion.
In addition, the root are humic and tannins to the water.
Furthermore Javafarn was attached to the root, which now spreads well.

As a counterpart two Mopaniwurzeln were assembled in the right part of the aquarium,
to serve both as a screen as well as durchschwimmbares target.
Since the two-tone wood is very hard compared to mangrove roots, it is not scraped from the antenna catfish, so it is used exclusively for decoration.
Javafarn also was attached to him. Furthermore, it was also a Anubias mounted.

The remaining smaller roots were almost randomly distributed in open areas.
On them the Moose and other Anubias were fixed.

Among the roots are partially small caves and refuges for residents.


In order to offer more caves are quite a few pieces of slate in the aquarium. Especially among Mopani Roots small caves were formed with stacked slate.


Especially for the cave brooding dwarf cichlids are still two Tonhöhlen in the basin. This fall on hard, as they look at first glance like stones.
Aquarium equipment:
Currently, the pool is illuminated even with two T8 fluorescent tubes.
Both tubes have a power consumption of 38 W. per

The front tube is: Dennerle Trocal de Luxe T8 Amazon Day
According to the manufacturer, it has a color temperature of 6000 ° K which is to come close to daylight.

The rear is a tube: Dennerle Trocal de Luxe T8 Special Plant
According to the manufacturer is the color temperature just at 3000 ° K which is to be optimal for the growth of plants.

Both tubes are each equipped with a Dennerle TROCAL Longlife Power Reflect equipped.
This special reflectors to increase the light output by the light it is the radiated to the sides and upwards reflecting into the pool.
In comparison to the reflectors of other manufacturers immediately fell on the honeycomb surface.
This should enable a more uniform illumination.
Feels like it but mainly increases the stability to wish others simply folded models sometimes very left lies.
The second noticeable difference to other reflectors is the double-ellipsoidal shape.
Through this "special" form to allow more than 100% more light output.
In my opinion, the description also holds some extent what it promises and subjectively I could see the best results when compared to the other models.

The illumination times are set as follows:

8:00 to 12:00
15:00 to 21:00

General lighting is the combination of the two T8 tubes at least visually satisfactory.
However, here is some wasted with a total output of 76 W (without ballast).
Also But as for the price of these fluorescent tubes I'll think an alternative to the demise of the existing pipes.
Who will be dealing with the issue Leuchtstffröhren and their spectrum to find out that the "special" pipes the famous aquarium manufacturer in part have only negligible differences from the far lower tubes, for example, Osram.
The respective counterpart to the Amazon Day could be a tube of light color 865 eventually.
To replace the Special Plant eventually comes to light color 840 in question.

It has also been recommended by experts for better plant growth on T5 tubes to upgrade, but no one was able to hereby fully convince.
What may be an option for the future, would be a complete transition to LED lighting.
This needs some of the exact cost-benefit advantage be calculated and considered.
When it comes to filtering may be some frightened again.
Currently, the pool is only filtered through a canister filter:

Manufacturer: Eheim
Type: Classic 250; 2213
Pump capacity: 440 l / h
Power consumption: 8 W
Filter Volume: 3 l

This filter allows a water circulation of a little less than two times per hour.
Also, the tank volume of 230 l is just on the manufacturer of a maximum of 250 l.
As an extension for the 3 l somewhat limited filter volume the filter An identical pot filter was preceded whose pump was removed.
By this measure, the filter volume increases at constant circulation rate to 6 l.

Filled the main filter is almost complete with sintered glass rings.
Only one layer of filter sponge marks the end of filter filling, which last coarse particles are retained in the pump before moving in.
Sintered glass is also known under different brand names, but should not be confused with clay tubes for mechanical filtration.
Due to its large porosity, the sintered glass is a biological filter material with a favorable surface ratio which is required for the settlement of filter bacteria.
Protected from direct light, the porous material tends not like places claiming to clogging or silting and must be very rarely rinsed or cleaned.

Because the biological filtration takes place mainly in the main filter provides the prefilter primarily represents the mechanical filter.
To this end, the filter with a fine and somewhat coarser filter wool is filled.
In addition, here as needed a network with blackpeat be inserted to slightly acidify the water and bring additional humic substances.

By doubling filter volume and the material chosen concept will increase the life of the filter and the cleaning intervals are extended considerably.
A decrease in capacity, I never could tell.
The filter is cleaned fairly unregelmäsig in up to two months distance.
Only in favor of a stronger flow, it would schedule worth considering even a flow pump.
Other equipment:

EHEIM Jäger Thermocontrol 150 suitable for tanks of about 200 with a power consumption of 150 W - 300 liters of water volume.

Decorative lighting

For a small "Deko-Gag" provides an LED tape with color change control.
Depending on taste, this is occasionally turned on the evening.
Especially when someone is visiting the basin is characterized enlightened example in blue.


For the CO² fertilization of a plant Dennerle is installed:
The original 0.5 kg bottle has been replaced by a 2 kg bottle of local gas specialists.
A solenoid valve takes over the control of the supply CO².
One hour after the start of lighting the valve is actuated and closed one hour before the night's sleep again.
The lunch break corresponds to the illumination pause.
When adding a pinball machine is used.
This clogging probably faster and is harder to clean than as a typhoon, but it fits by its flat design her better in the basin.
The effectiveness I'll be watching.
It may be necessary fro a more effective reactor.
Apistogramma cacatuoides - Cockatoo dwarf cichlid
1m / 1w (from our own breeding: 2m / 2 w)

This pretty dwarf cichlid from South America, from the Peruvian lowlands and inhabited there, the riparian zones.
As cavity nesters he adheres preferably near the ground.
As in his home waters it needs more soft or slightly sour water.
It is recommended that a couple or harem attitude because sexually mature male mutually tolerate not or only rarely.
The brood care in and around the nest cavity accepts only the females.
From the third nest of some juveniles could be brought up comments made gradually.
Only four of the pups stayed back.
Until it comes to disputes among the goats, they can remain in this group in the basin. Since the dwarf cichlids, it could not be too old but well be that will only show any disputes.

Pterophyllum scalare - scalar / Segelflosser
-m / 2w

The scalar is widespread in South America and populated the Amazon and some of its tributaries in Peru, Colombia and Brazil.
Since the genders are visually difficult to distinguish one group was used at the beginning of 8 pups, so that a pair could find.
As it did seem as if a couple would have found, the remaining animals were returned.
After some unsuccessful breeding attempts I could observe how the two remaining Scalar were put together suddenly on eggs.
This also explains why the two ladies their eggs can not successfully maintain - a pity.
Maybe it will be one of the ladies to swap against a male.

Hemigrammus bleheri - hemigrammus bleheri
15x (m / w? - Unknown)

The Rummy is native to Brazil (Rio Negro) and Colombia (Rie Meta).
As the dwarf cichlids he prefers soft to slightly acidic water.
The cute animals are floating active schooling fish like to swim through roots and dense planting. From their behavior they are very peaceful and are well socialized.
Since they are free spawners spawning and robbers breeding is I have not succeeded.

Corydoras sterbai & paleatus - Orangeflossen- & Marmorierter cory
3x (m / w? - Unknown)

The armored catfish are widespread in South America, & c. In Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay.
Unfortunately, I have only three remained of the armored catfish.
Because so far I could not offer soft ground them, they could ransack as they are accustomed to the idea close to the ground is to change or leave the remaining animals.
If the floor is to be changed, the group size must be increased again.

Ancistrus spec. - Brown Catfish
2m / 2w

The catfish is widespread in South America, and probably the most common catfish.
He is very robust and especially at a young age a good algae eaters.
For its digestive he absolutely needs root woods he can rasp.
From a size of about the growth of the typical "antlers" begins in the male.
This will over time more and more impressive.
In my pelvic size two pairs are on time a bit too much, so I'm still looking for a buyer for one of the pairs.

Crossocheilus siamensis - Siamese algae eater - undressed at 18:08:13
2x (m / w? - Unknown)

Although the trunk Barben originate from South America rather than from the Asian region and therefore does not fit into the South Basin, but they are compatible with respect to the existing water levels.
The attitude of only two animals is not appropriate, therefore, the two are still looking for a more suitable home.
Apistogramma Cacatuoides: 1. Männchen - Zuchtdaddy
Apistogramma Cacatuoides: Begegnung mit einem Rotkopfsalmler
Apistogramma Cacatuoides: 1. Weibchen - Zuchtmami
Apistogramma Cacatuoides: 1. Weibchen - Zuchtmami
die zwei Skalardamen - noch recht friedlich, aber der Schein trügt
Skalardame - Laichansatz
Water parameters:
Currently I have only older measuring rods which are probably already too old to deliver even vaguely reliable values.

A drop test is ordered and when it becomes available,
I'll furnish any water values.

Temperature: 25 - 26 ° C
Ph: ??
GH: ?? ° dH
KH: ?? ° dH
NO²: ?? mg / l
NO³: ?? mg / l
PO³: Info
Fe: 0.075 mg / l

Of the local Stadtwerke a drinking water analysis is provided for the service area, which returns the following values ​​for the output water:

Ph: 7.5
GH: 17.0 ° dH
KH: 11.7 ° dH
NO²: <0.01 mg / l
NO³: 25.9 mg / l
PO³: Info
Fe: 0.075 mg / l

The water change is currently somewhat irregular.
In part only every 4 weeks in each case 40%.
Granulated food:
- JBL NovoGranoMix
- JBL NovoGranoColor (mini)

- JBL NovoColor

Wels feed:
- JBL Novo Pleco

- DRAK FD bloodworms

Frozen Food:
- Daphnia
- Artemia
- Bloodworms
- White mosquito larvae
- Black mosquito larvae

Live food:
- Artemia nauplii
- Bloodworms