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Mbuna Bay of Darkness
Description of the aquarium:
Category:
Lake Malawi
Tank size:
300x150x80 = 3500 liters ~ 924 gallons (us)
Specific features:
3500 liters Mbuna tanks made of float glass / stoßverklebt with dimensions 300x150x80 and glued overflow shaft in the left corner of the pool (but not visible due cliff).
This basin is located in an area adjacent to the living room utility room with water connections / expiration and stands on a masonry base (in New account) .Dort also houses the 600-liter filter tank with 5-chambers.
The equipment room has a recess in the size of the pelvis toward the living room, so that you can see in the living room only the basin (front view) and no technique.
An art rock face and on the side walls (Styrofoam / granite quarry covered with glass fiber reinforced concrete and modeled) attached - the pool was on the back.
This artificial rock wall in the living room is also located on the "aquarium wall" to disguise the rest recess and decorative purposes.
Seitenansicht von links / Sonnenaufgang
Update 01.08. / mit 80 Watt und Blaulicht
Update 01.08. / mit 80 Watt und Blaulicht
03.08. Update (ohne Blitz)
Rechte Beckenhälfte
Vordergrund: Pseudotropeus Zebra Chilumba Katale Bock
T5 Blaulicht in Betrieb
Aquarium Mbuna Bay of Darkness
Mittlere HQL Tageslichtlampe bereits abgeschaltet
Linke Beckenhälfte
Aquarium Mbuna Bay of Darkness
Aquarium Mbuna Bay of Darkness
Aquarium Mbuna Bay of Darkness
HQL komplett abgeschaltet / Becken bei Blaulicht
Becken bei Tageslicht / 3 HQL a 80 Watt
Aquarium Mbuna Bay of Darkness
Aquarium Mbuna Bay of Darkness
Update 07.01.2012 Abdunklung mit Folie bei vollem Tageslicht
Update 10.01.2012 Abdunklung mit Folie
Update 10.01.2012 Abdunklung mit Folie
Aquarium decoration:
Gravel:
Under the sand are to protect the base plate a layer with Styrofoam plates followed by a black hard plastic disk.
The ground consists of 100kg beige aquarium sand.
I originally factored much more, due to the many (and especially large) stones on the ground but not necessary.
Height of bottom ground 4cm.
Plants:
Plants yes Malawi basin, 1 large stick (well actually there are so many small) Cryptocoryne Aponogetfolia / hammer water goblet.
These plants remain because of Oxalatnadeln spared, Anubias and Java Fern are always consumed in previous pool.
The water goblet multiplies through foothills and is now growing between the rock structure.
Furthermore Cryptocoryne beckettii / wendti.
Cryptocoryne aponogetifolia - Hammerschlag Wasserkelch
Cryptocoryne aponogetifolia rechts / bei Blaulicht
Cryptocoryne beckettii und wendtii
Update 16.06.12 Cryptocoryne aponogetifolia, beckettii und wendtii
Special features of the facility:
On the subject of setting about 1000 kg granite quarry (built partly in the rear wall and also as superstructures and loose in the pool).
Stone constructions in some cases up to the water surface with many caves, overhangs and hiding.
Centrally located in a large basin, modeled rock with a cave, is often grazed on the surface due to the Aufwuchs. Moreover there is a 70cm large, oblong granite rocks.
Left side of the pelvis is also great, modeled boulder as overhang.
9 large snail shells in open sandy areas, that's it then ...
Felsaufbau rechts
Felsaufbau links
Felsaufbau mitte
Modellierter Felsen mit Höhle
Modellierter Felsen linke Seite
Update 07.01.2012 Abdunklung mit Folie bei vollem Tageslicht
Update 07.01.2012 Abdunklung mit Folie bei vollem Tageslicht
Update 07.01.2012 Abdunklung mit Folie bei vollem Tageslicht
Update 10.01.2012 Abdunklung mit Folie
Update 10.01.2012 Abdunklung mit Folie
Update 10.01.2012 Abdunklung mit Folie
Update 22.01.12 Granitfels 70 cm / Beckenmitte
Update 22.01.12 Granitfels 70 cm / Beckenmitte
Update 16.06.12 Ansicht linke Beckenhälfte
Update 18.06.12 Granitfels 45 cm länglich linke Beckenhälfte
Update 18.06.12 Granitfels 45 cm länglich linke Beckenhälfte
Update 24.06.12 Linke Beckenhälfte
Update 24.06.12 Rechte Beckenhälfte
Update 24.06.12 Beckenmitte
Update 24.06.12 Linke Beckenseite
Aquarium equipment:
Lighting:
Is illuminated with 3 HQL lamps 80-watt (would be switched to 125 watts) and in the background 2 T5 light bars stocked with Ocean Blue tubes.
The HQL lamps switch on every hour successively on and off and so I simulate a sunrise and sunset.
By 19 clock, the two blue light tubes to turn and burn beyond the HQL lamps.
Thus resulting in the pelvis different lighting effects.
Hope this will be seen by the attached photos.
Light time HQL time: 10 hours
Mean HQL lamp from 11 bis 21 clock clock
Left and right HQL lamp from 12 bis 22 clock clock
Light time T5 5 hours
Both T5 lighting units of 19 to 24 clock clock

To further darken the pool I have partly provided the Plexiglas cover on the pool with a black cover, so arise darker areas and the pool looks a whole lot darker. Just across the plant areas no film was attached.
Furthermore arise many interesting flicker - and lighting effects, which enrich the pool (at this point thank you for this tip from a user):) ...
Unfortunately, set in the pelvis become increasingly brush algae, although the Mbunas peck at these algae, but I'm not sure if this will be destroyed.
Had the stones like more green algae, but unfortunately only grow this (as I find unattractive) brush algae.
Filtration:
Filtering as mentioned above filter tank with 5 chambers.
Two PVC pipes drain water from the overflow shaft in the first filter chamber
(Equipped with filter wool as prefilter is every 2 weeks replaced by new ones, thus not suspended in the basin and crystal-clear water).
Chamber 2: Blue filter mats
Chamber 3: Siporax, Bioballs and Subratkugeln (in filter bags)
Chamber 4: Siporax, Bioballs and clay tubes (in filter bags)
Chamber 5: pumping-through 2 times 10,000 Red Dragon pump (only one in operation due to capacity)
5. In this chamber, a thermometer and a heating coil and heat exchanger sensor (more precisely in the category Technology) and of course the return by 2 PVC pipes is returned to the pool.
These PVC pipes are also integrated in the rear wall, so that only the two pipe ends are to be seen at the entrance. The return is in the same corner as the overflow shaft to ensure adequate circulation.
I would argue that the basin is at least five times circulated per hour, but since I have a decent water displacement in the basin.
Net is the filters have approximately 1/5 of the tank volume and I can only recommend such dimensions filter system every since also limits the maintenance on the renewal of the filter wool in the first chamber.
In the subsequent chambers there is no dirt settles more.
Other equipment:
On the subject of technology, as in the filtering indicated a heating coil sensor (equipped with heat exchanger) which keeps the water at 25-27 degrees.
For the hobby engineers among you, there is a separate heating circuit of floor heating.
The heat exchanger is adjustable from 24-28 degrees (0-5 / knob).
An oxygen pump in the last chamber enriches the water again with oxygen and promote the two Red Dragon pumps / 10 000 liters back (only one in operation due to the flow rate).
PVC Ablauf / Rücklauf mit Absperrhähnen
5 Kammer Filterbecken / 600 liter
Stocking:
Gender M: W
Mbunas:

Pseudotropheus estherae blue / red 2: 6
Pseudotropheus estherae red / red / OB morphs as well 2: 6
Pseudotropheus zebra Lundo / Wild 1: 3
Pseudotropheus zebra fainzilberi / Wild 1: 4
Pseudotropheus zebra Chilumba Katale Wild 1: 3
Pseudotropheus msobo magunga Wild 2: 4
Pseudotropheus lombardoi 1: 5
Pseudotropheus flavus 2: 4
Melanochromis auratus 3: 5
Melanochromis cyaenorhabdos Wild 2: 6
Labidochromis caruleus yellow 2: 4
Labidochromis "Hongi" super red 2: 4
Labeotropheus trewavase "Manda" Wild 2: 4 (females OB morphs)
Nimbochromis livingstonii 1: 2 Wild
Tower and snails :)

In conclusion, that the stock in the tank is constantly changing because
due to the ample hiding places and stone columns repeatedly Mbunas young grow up in passing. Therefore estherae on the pictures even teenage Melanochromis Maingano / auratus and Pseudotropheus.
Due to the size of the pool, the fish can in spite of the stock out of the way and suppressed animals have sufficient retreat.
Aggressions are distributed to many fish and the individual is less affected.
If you still have so many young Mbunas be great, I will eventually have to impose any time robber, but could already observe Melanochromis which juveniles were hunting among the rocks and ate.
Vordergrund: Dominante Böcke von Melanochromis Maingano und Auratus sowie Ps. Zebra
Konkurrierende, voll in Farbe stehende Böcke von Ps. Zebra Lundo und Ps. Zebra Chilumba
Besatz bei Tageslicht / 3 HQL a 80 Watt
Ps. Msobo Magunga Weibchen mit Kehlsack
Besatz im Aquarium Mbuna Bay of Darkness
Ps. Msobo Magunga Weibchen mit Kehlsack
Fütterung mit Gurke / Zucchini
Update 16.06.12 Weibchen Ps. Msobo und Estherae mit Kehlsack und Jungfisch von Ps.
Update 16.06.12 Jungfisch Ps. Lombardoi ca. 1,5 cm
Update 16.06.12 Jungfisch Ps. Lombardoi ca. 1,5 cm
Update 12.07.12 Nimbochromis Livingstonii (Schläfer, Kaligono) über Steinhaufen
Update 12.07.12 Nimbochromis Livingstonii (Schläfer, Kaligono) in typischer Stellung
Update 12.07.12 Nimbochromis Livingstonii (Schläfer, Kaligono) in typischer Stellung
Update 12.07.12 Nimbochromis Livingstonii (Schläfer, Kaligono)
Water parameters:
PH: 8.2
KH: 8 degrees
GH: 16 degrees
Nitrite: 0
Nitrate: approximately 20 mg / l
Phosphate: 0
Ammonia: 0.0 mg / l
Ammonium: 0,0 mg / l
Iron: 0.1 mg / l
Water temperature: 25-27 degrees
Weekly 40% water changes
Daily 30ml Ferrdrakon
Feeding:
Cucumber and zucchini
JBL Novo Malawi / Malawi Tropical / 2 times per week
Tropical Spirulina
Sera Flora
OSI Spirulina
Nature Food Plant and alternatively get times Sera San.
Preferred flake food is with a protein content below 40%.

Is fed twice per day / 12 times a week is much eaten as about a good minute. Except of course when cucumber / zucchini.
My nursery-eaters spend several hours a day in order to scrape the nursery, so you can not be overfed.
These objectives are fully in color and reproduce regularly.

To this end, I still want to say a few words, because I use the forum for some time as a guest and here recommendations have read Mbunas (and especially the typical nursery eaters Labeotropheus and Pseudotropheus) with frozen food / live food / standard feed (brine shrimp, Muelas, Daphnia, cyclops, sea fish, crabs or other animals) to feed.
Even beef heart, as far as I know overwhelm Mbunas no cattle and grow not in the lake.
Also once a week or in 14 days went in my pants ...
This is the best way for Mbuna wild specimens elicit Darmflagelaten and one can equal times with metronidazole and a broad-spectrum antibiotic / eg Aquafuran equip (If someone needed something, I have something else there) ...
It's important, because I've already lost a lot of beautiful tomboy Animals / money in my "Mbuna-career" and after all, already about 12 years Mbunas Plege.
So please observations as my diet is monotonous or little variety to refrain. Grew up in nature not just abwechlungsreich!
Against Diversified (appropriate diet) is nothing wrong, that's why I feed sometimes Sera Flora and diverse algal plates and Spirulina Tabs.
In the feed used more than enough animal protein is included and it is not necessary additional feed.
One should times the ingredients on the package view (even with spirulina or vegetable flake food).
For example, soft and crustaceans, fish and fish by-products (whatever that may be)!
I think that modern flake food for Mbunas is already very high quality and of good quality and no longer a stopgap.
Further information:
Aquaristikerfahrung: 21 years
Malawi / Mbuna experience: 13 years
Already maintained: discus, angelfish, Tangjanikaseebarsche and many common standard fish like guppies, Platies, catfish, etc.
Suggestions for improvements and reviews of any kind I would be grateful.

Greeting