The home of Tropheus is the Tanganijkasee. This freshwater lake is one of the largest freshwater lakes on the planet. It is located within the large grave breach in East Africa, it is the largest ever in this complex. With more than 670 km in length, a maximum width of 80 km and a maximum depth of 1470 meters, this lake is surrounded by several countries - Congo, Burundi, Tanzania (main component) and Zambia. Only the Lake Baikal in Siberia is even deeper, with an age of 25 million years ago with 1642 meters. The Tanganijkasee other hand, is at least 12 million years old. Scientists argue today about its age, some claim he was "only" 12 million years old, while others think he was even 40 million years old.
The main habitat of Tropheus is Felslitoral, mainly the shore near Felslitoral. Here is an adequate nutrition is secured. Because of the low water level there flourishes grew up very well, so that even small fish find enough food here. Tropheus are found already in knee-high water, there, the sediments are grazed. Need in the lake
the nursery eater larger boulders. To feel safe, are often square-large boulders with greater substrate surface
prefers. There are many great nursery eaters are tired. It was
observed several times, the larger groups in combination of these
Formations truly descend to this graze. Usually take Tropheus, depending on their size, appropriate stones in fog.
Juveniles are satisfied with smaller stones, while eating
adolescent and adult animals sometimes football-sized with about
Stones are satisfied. These stones are then defended fiercely.
But also on the sandy shores are found Tropheus, more on this below.
Thus it can be observed in their size Felslitoral a permanent migration of the animals.
The nutrition of Tropheus should greatest attention. These
Animals do not have a sense of satiety, as for example in fish eaters
is available from Lake Malawi. Tropheus have a special bowel,
which almost exclusively for digestion of plant
Kost is designed. This issue is addressed separately in my blog, which also contains a lot of information about these animals.
Between all these stones come naturally for many
other fish species, are often found there, the so-called. Tanganyika clowns,
the genus Grundelbuntbarsche. These animals scurrying among the rocks
round and because of their nutritional requirements, the ideal co-inhabitants
for Tropheus. The Grundelbundbarschen is also to
highly specialized nursery eaters, they are often of the Tropheus
Appliances and other Habitat:
Another biotope, also found on the coasts of Tanganijkasees is who
Sandy coast. Here you will find Tropheus, between caked sand,
called. sandstones cavort Again Tropheus. The Induvidiendichte
but here, in comparison with the Felslitoral considerably smaller. This section
lake I have used here as a device template. The Jura Bruchstein
is the sand stone there similar. When setting has been very careful that no sharp edges which these fast swimmers
might hurt, is used .. This mostly large single stones was built, the smaller were asked so that should arise again, no areas of it.
These so-called top. Areas could be used by dominant animals as an assault center to attack from there younger or inferior animals, that an animal is in this area, while eating all the others are kept pushed into a corner of the dominant animal as it were in check. Something like it is to be avoided.
The cast of sand between the sandy areas do not provide the nursery the best distribution possible, as the rough surface of the rock provides the nursery not optimal living conditions [...]