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Little Rio Negro, März 2013
Description of the aquarium:
Category:
South America
Tank size:
150x25x35 = 131 liters ~ 34 gallons (us)
Specific features:
The Basin

The basin is a special dimension that emphasizes the special needs of "Red neon".

A production of the aquarium builder (www.tromsa.de).

The basin is made in versions with 12 mm glass in white glass and glued edges and shock.

In addition, the pool is on an insulating pad to compensate for irregularities.

The cover is custom made ​​from Friedeberg Aquarientechnik.

The cover is dark brown and fitted with 3 valves.

The cabinet has been designed by our "guru" and me and assembled. The parts delivered to my old cabinet from the pool: "Silence of West Africa".

The cabinet is also kept in dark brown.
Little Rio Negro
Little Rio Negro
Little Rio Negro
Little Rio Negro
Little Rio Negro
Little Rio Negro
Little Rio Negro
Little Rio Negro, März 2013
Little Rio Negro, März 2013
Little Rio Negro, März 2013
Little Rio Negro, März 2013
Little Rio Negro, März 2013
Little Rio Negro, März 2013
Little Rio Negro, März 2013
Little Rio Negro, März 2013
Aquarium decoration:
Gravel:
Based on the Begegebenheiten of "Rio Negro", namely a sidearm with little flow near the shore, dark brown sand was elected.

In sand there are many smaller and larger root pieces, in the size between 5 and 20 cm, which are partially buried.
Besides, I have also filigree "root arms" added, which are arranged from the top down.

The grain size of the sand is between:

0.4 and 0.8 mm

The sand color is bright and dark brown, wildly mixed.
There are 19 kg of "Green Leaf" in my pelvis.
Plants:
Duckweed

Lat .: Lemna Minor
Habitat: Cosmopolitan!
Wasserlinsen (Lemnar Minor)
Wasserlinsen (Lemnar Minor)
Special features of the facility:
Rear wall

A rear wall of Wagner, this points to roots and branches, with a depth of between 1 and 3 cm.
The deepest point is in this case about 10 cm high and can be a slight 3D effect to.

The back wall was exactly tailored moreover also in length, so that the depth is now only at about 1.5 cm.
The 3 D effects should however be retained.


Roots, branches and foliage

2 Moorkienhölzer (in different sizes), also branches and branches that protrude into the water.

Dried birch branches, which I have collected in my near.

Oak leaves, beech leaves, banana leaves, in small quantities and
Seemandelbaumrinde.

Seemandelbaumrinde:

Seemandelbaumrinde and its leaves are particularly rich in natural tannins. They have a mild disinfecting effect against infections. Humic substances contained in almond leaves and its bark have a very positive effect on the pH regulation.
The density of potentially harmful germs is relatively high in the aquarium water. The humic acids of Seemandelbaumrinde and whose leaves inhibit the growth of bacteria.

1-2 pieces of bark per 100 liters. The tannins are completely released after about 3 weeks. The pieces of bark can then be replaced or remain dauerthaft as decoration inside.

In my pelvis they are retained as a decoration.
Moorkienhölzer
Wurzelgeflecht auf der rechten Seite
Moorkienholz mit Wurzelgeflecht auf der linken Seite
Moorkienhölzer
Moorkienholz und Äste am Grund in der Mitte
Holzimpressionen
Moorkienhölzer mit Wurzelgeflecht
Holzimpressionen
Wurzelgeflecht
Holzimpressionen
Getrocknete Birkenäste
Moorkienholz und Äste
Moorkienholz und Äste
Moorkienholz, Äste, Bananenblatt im Hintergrund
Birkenäste, Moorkienholz, Bananenblatt
Bananenblatt
Bananenblätter & Äste
Bananenblätter
Seemandelbaumrinde
Aquarium equipment:
Lighting:
LED LIGHTING 1 flame

5x CREE XP-G Q5 3900K and 4x SuperFlux Extra Bright inter polite LEDs (with moonlight)

Custom-built OF "Lizard King" MODERATOR COLLEAGUE HERE ON EB!

Three green color foils glued to the LEDs which gives these lights.


Light time

The main lighting time starts at 13:00 clock and ends at 01:00 clock

The moonlight begins at 00:55 clock and ends at 01:55 clock.


Shift during Central European Summer Time the indicated times by one hour ... !!!


Background

In the country of origin of the Red neon, who lives in the shore region and it remains rather shady, this type of lighting is ideal.

Normally, the shorelines are lined by overhanging branches and shrubs, some of which hang down to the water surface and let down thus only limited light on these bodies, so I tried to imitate.
Filtration:
EHEIM professionel 3 250

Up to 250 liters

Pump capacity: 950 l / h

Delivery head / m Ws: 1.50

Filter volume: 3.5 l

Power: 12 Watt

Dimensions in mm: 358x238x244

Large capacity overhead prefilter for quick removal of mechanical pollution without having to intervene in the delicate bio-filter material.

Easy Clean: simple and safe cleaning of the filter media by means of the cleaning cover.

Fully ready for connection including new filter media package (media +)
Integrated self for fast filling of the filter canister
High wear-resistant ceramic shaft and ceramic bearing guarantees high running smoothness.

Safety hose adapter with easy-to-use locking system; the adapter large security locking clips detached only when the hose valves are closed, the absolutely tight and secure connection of the pump head and filter canister.

Square shape for tremendous large filter volume and high stability.
Individually removable filter elements with retractable handles for easy handling and convenient partial cleaning.

Komfortausstattung: handholds, 4 strong clips, multifunctional adapter

"Assembly of the filter"

Ceramic large filter medium / Eheim Mech Ehfi prefilter
Eheim Ehfi substrate
Foam filter cartridges suitable for JBL E 1500 Filtertips


I use only Tetra ToruMin. It's easier to use than the peat in the filter.


Tetra ToruMin containing natural tanning and humic acids and organic active substances from peat.
The peat in it transforms aquarium water into a brownish-crystal clear tropical water.

Addition is

At First; 5 ml per 10 liters of aquarium water.
Then every 2 weeks regularly 2.5 ml per 10 liters of aquarium water.
Other equipment:
Heater thermostat of jewel

100 watts, for 100-150 liter basin, total length 31.9 cm.
Eheim professionel 3 250
Stocking:
Biotope aquarium: Focus Rio Negro

Tetras

40 pcs. Red neon "Paracheirodon axelrodi"

The Cardinal Tetra is found in small streams of the upper and middle Rio Negro.

He lives here in the shallow shore water, usually at a depth of about 40 cm, and avoids the sections, where there is a stronger flow.

In his home the Rio Negro and around the black water, a lack of plants and zooplankton is to determine which of these in nature remains smaller than in the aquarium.

In nature, the cardinal tetra examined primarily on shady spots, which I will also try to recreate through the Beck design.

He is quite happy deckungsnah, but then again some open water, to this point I put a lot of value.

The maintenance should be done in a group, at least 10-12 fish.
The pool size begins at about 80-120 liters. It should be for a thorough examination under any circumstances and the pool is partially covered by small plants (can be done without ground vegetation), and many roots suggest that the coastal scenery.

The animals are not schooling fish in the strict sense.

Data in the literature to be incorrect or at least incomplete. The Cardinal Tetra is distributed in the absence of an enemy factor relatively evenly in the aquarium and these limits there often from small individual areas that can be withheld for several hours.

Note

Nevertheless, the cardinal tetra is not a loner, he needs contact with other dogs, therefore one should not care for the lower limit in groups of less than 10 animals him.

Catfish

10 pcs Corydoras adolfoi / Adolfo's cory

The scientific name:
Corydoras adolfoi

German Name:
Adolfo's cory

Origin: Rio Negro basin
Pelvis: Gravel
Care: From 5 upwards Animals
Achievable size: 4 - 5 cm
Feeding: Frost and live food, and Welstabeletten

Note

Its natural habitat is the Rio Negro basin.
A very lively and hardy catfish, which can be found exclusively in the bank area. Fine sand for digging is mandatory and also hiding places that should be suggested by foliage on the ground and various roots and branches.
Rote Neons
Rote Neons
Rote Neons
Rote Neons
Adolfos Panzerwels
Adolfos Panzerwels
Rote  Neons und Adolfos Panzerwels
Rote  Neons
Water parameters:
Water change & Temperature

Weekly 40-50%
Temperature about 24.5 degrees Celsius

Water values

pH: 6.6
Nitrite: 0.00
Nitrate: 10
GH: 7
KH: 4
Chlorine: 0.00

Characteristics of the water levels of the Red neon:


Attitude of the Wild:

Soft acidic water
Total hardness, 1-4, 5-6 and pH values ​​at about 25-28 degrees

Attitude of the offspring:

Also slightly harder water
Total hardness, to 15, pH levels to 7
Feeding:
Red neon are typical omnivores, accordingly constitutes also the lining together.

The Cardinal Tetra is, like most tetras, a predator and eats really alles.So illogical how this assertion sounds at first glance, really it is yet.

The staple diet of neon in the "Nature" consists of small crustaceans and insect larvae, so animal food, which is why the term "predator" certainly is true, albeit to a somewhat personal interpretation.

In the aquarium, he is quick to flake food as a substitute food, but you should always get live and frozen foods in addition.

(Frozen food and ornamental fish flakes will be my choice, and as water fleas as live food)

List foods

Staple food

Mysis, Cyclops, brine shrimp, white mosquito larvae frozen food

Daphnia as live food, once a week

In addition to food

1-2 times a week and Tetra Min Tetra Pro Colour, for the armored catfish Tetra Pleco Multi wafer

Alternately 1 to 2 times a week is "Lent", this is selected irregular and contains no fixed day of fasting.
Further information:
"Little Rio Negro"

The Rio Negro (Black River) is a water flow of around 28,400 m³ / s and a length of 2,253 kilometers (with Rio Uaupés 2400 km) after the Rio Madeira is the second largest tributary of the world. Its source area is located in the southwest of the highlands of Guyana. The Rio Negro flows for many kilometers, crossing the equator, in an east-southeasterly direction through Brazil and empties below Manaus in the Amazon.

The Rio Negro comes from the confluence of the two source rivers Rio Guainia which is regarded as the headwaters of the Río Negro since 1884, and the Rio Casiquiare teeing as Brazo Casiquiare from the northward flowing through Venezuela upper Orinoco and forms the most important Flußgabelung Earth.
In the upper reaches of the Rio Negro receives from the mountains of Guayana also clear water rivers. Below the confluence of the Rio Branco, the water is turbid and brownish.
The Rio Negro appear because of its high content of humic and fulvic acids black.

Blackwater are indeed highly colored, but transparent, because it contains no suspended particles. In the nutrient-poor waters almost no plants are growing, yet many dead plants get there and decompose.

After the confluence of the Rio Negro its black water can be distinguished even more than 30 kilometers from the milky-brown water of the Amazon.



The cardinal tetra (Paracheirodon axelrodi) is a freshwater ornamental fish belonging to the family of tetras He comes from South America.
The distribution ranges from Venezuela and Brazil to Colombia. It occurs in the Orinoco and Rio Negro and its tributaries. The Red Neon adheres preferably to shaded, darker spots along the shore. Red neon be up to five centimeters long and can be up to 10 years old. The families of the Neons are barely distinguishable, usually the females are slightly rounder than the males slim.

The Blue Neon (Paracheirodon simulans, Syn .: Hyphessobrycon simulans) is a freshwater ornamental fish belonging to the family of tetras. Blue Neons are 3 to 3.5 centimeters long and maximum of five years alt.Er comes from South America, from the Orinoco and Rio Negro.

The Blue Neon is the red neon and the neon tetra similar, the three species are not closely related. They differ in the number of Chromosonen.